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panduan:oasis_open_document_format

Oasis, Open Document Format

Penerapan ODF oleh Pemerintah

Open by Design: Keuntungan ODF

Open Document Format (selanjutnya disebut sebagai ODF) dirancang netral dan dapat diterapkan oleh berbagai macam vendor. ODF dirancang agar dapat diimplementasikan sebanyak mungkin pada berbagai aplikasi. Formatnya menggunakan kembali beberapa standar yang sudah ada seperti; XHTML, SVG, XSL, SMIL, XLink, XForms, MathML, dan Dublin Core Untuk menyederhanakan perubahan dan memaksimalkan interoperabilitas.

File ODF (seperti word processor dan spreadsheet) menggunakan setting XML yang serupa yang dibungkus/dikompress pada sebuah paket ZIP. Gambar dibawah memperlihatkan ilustrasi contoh dokumen ODF yang 'sejatinya' dikompresi pada paket ZIP

File odf word yang di bongkar

File odf spreadsheet yang di bongkar

File content.xml

File content.xml lagi

Kenapa Open Document Format Penting?

In a world where paper documents are increasingly replaced by electronic records, ensuring that long term access and usability of these records is critical. This is especially the case for legal contracts and government documents, which stay valid and relevant over decades, or even centuries. But it is no less the case for personal documents.

Just as paper and pens have been available from multiple vendors, and not just one single source, document file formats and the applications creating these file formats need to be supported by and available from multiple vendors. This guarantees long-term access to data even if companies cease to operate, change their strategies, or dramatically raise their prices. In effect, with choice the user retains control over and ownership of the documents she authors; she is no longer dependent on a single vendor to read and edit her work. Open standards that are equally accessible and do not favor one particular vendor can help maintain a diverse ecosystem of vendors. This also fosters competitive pricing, thus creating the conditions for the best use of money from investors to tax payers.

Open standards lower the barrier to entry, allowing new companies to join the ecosystem. For example, the SQL standard for relational databases allowed the emergence of various implementations, including free and open source and very specialized high-end database management systems. As long as only standard SQL features are used, data stored in database management systems can be exchanged without much effort. A user may choose a SQL implementation that includes unique, vendor-specific elements in addition to the basic, but that is her choice. Thus, vendor lock-in becomes a choice, not an unfortunate necessity.

In the case of public documents that governments provide to their nation's residents, it is also important that no resident be excluded from data access. For example, nobody should be forced to buy software from one particular vendor or for one particular operating system platform. Public data should be accessible to residents independent of their income and their physical abilities.

Terjemahan
Dalam dunia di mana dokumen kertas semakin digantikan oleh catatan elektronik, memastikan bahwa akses jangka panjang dan kegunaan dari catatan ini sangat penting. Hal ini terutama terjadi untuk kontrak hukum dan dokumen pemerintah, yang tetap berlaku dan relevan selama beberapa dekade, atau bahkan berabad-abad. Tapi itu tidak kurang kasus untuk dokumen pribadi.

Sama seperti kertas dan pena telah tersedia dari beberapa vendor, dan bukan hanya satu sumber tunggal, format file dokumen dan aplikasi yang menciptakan format file ini perlu didukung oleh dan tersedia dari beberapa vendor. Hal ini menjamin akses jangka panjang untuk data bahkan jika perusahaan berhenti beroperasi, mengubah strategi mereka, atau secara dramatis menaikkan harga mereka. Akibatnya, dengan pilihan pengguna dan mempertahankan kontrol atas kepemilikan dokumen dia penulis, dia tidak lagi tergantung pada satu vendor untuk membaca dan mengedit pekerjaannya. Open standar yang sama-sama diakses dan tidak mendukung satu vendor tertentu dapat membantu mempertahankan ekosistem beragam vendor. Hal ini juga mendorong harga yang kompetitif, sehingga menciptakan kondisi untuk penggunaan terbaik uang dari investor kepada wajib pajak.

Buka standar yang lebih rendah penghalang untuk masuk, yang memungkinkan perusahaan baru untuk bergabung ekosistem. Sebagai contoh, standar SQL untuk database relasional memungkinkan munculnya berbagai implementasi, termasuk bebas dan sumber terbuka dan sistem database yang sangat khusus high-end manajemen. Selama hanya standar SQL fitur yang digunakan, data yang disimpan dalam sistem manajemen basis data dapat ditukar tanpa banyak usaha. Seorang pengguna dapat memilih implementasi SQL yang mencakup unik, elemen-elemen khusus vendor selain dasar, tapi itu adalah pilihannya. Dengan demikian, vendor lock-in menjadi pilihan, bukan keharusan malang.

Dalam hal dokumen publik yang pemerintah berikan kepada penduduk negara mereka, juga penting bahwa tidak ada penduduk dikecualikan dari akses data. Sebagai contoh, tak seorang pun harus dipaksa untuk membeli perangkat lunak dari satu vendor tertentu atau untuk satu platform sistem operasi tertentu. data publik harus dapat diakses oleh penduduk independen dari pendapatan mereka dan kemampuan fisik mereka.

Surat tentang ODF

Our government should adopt a policy requiring that all digital public documents and information be stored and distributed in formats that are standard, open, and royalty-free. OpenDocument Format (ODF) is one such format, and I'm writing to support its use as a critical component of this kind of policy.

OpenDocument is used for spreadsheets, word-processing documents, and presentations. It is an international standard (ISO), and is supported by applications on all major operating systems. It can be used in place of proprietary formats like Microsoft Word's “.doc”. In 2006, the Software Freedom Law Center thoroughly reviewed OpenDocument and concluded that it is “free of legal encumbrances.”[1]

We've all had the experience of not being able to open a file because it's saved in an older, unsupported, or incompatible format. Often this happens because the format in question is proprietary and owned by one particular company, who may go out of business or decide unilaterally that they want to make changes in the way that their software works, breaking compatibility with our documents.

Our information is too important to be left to the whims of any one company like this. It's imperative that the documents recording the business of government are readable by anyone at any time in the future. Only an open standard like ODF can achieve this.

Because they are widespread, Microsoft's formats are often the source of problems, but supporting ODF is not about being anti-Microsoft or in favor of any particular company's product. Any company is free to write software that works with OpenDocument. The whole reason for having standards bodies like the ISO and the standards they produce is to guarantee compatibility and stability above individual companies' commercial concerns.

With more and more information being stored and distributed digitally, more and more governments around the world are realizing the problem that proprietary formats pose for their responsibility to ensure that their documents are permanently and widely accessible. Please join the government agencies in countries like Japan, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia and the United States in moving toward the freedom and security provided by free formats like OpenDocument.

Sincerely,

Testing dan Implementasi

Tabel uji coba Sun ODf plugin pada Microsoft Word 2003

No Nama Pengujian Tujuan Skenario Hasil Yang diharapkan Hasil didapat
1Mengujimengetahui--OK


Tabel uji coba Sun ODf plugin pada Microsoft Word 2007

No Nama Pengujian Tujuan Skenario Hasil Yang diharapkan Hasil didapat
1Mengujimengetahui--OK

Referensi :

panduan/oasis_open_document_format.txt · Last modified: 2013/11/01 09:27 (external edit)